Army and Navy Sustainable Transport Package
The Army and Navy Sustainable Transport Package is an unmissable opportunity to re-design the Army and Navy junction - a crucial gateway to Chelmsford – while also providing better options for people to travel and encouraging safer, greener, and healthier ways of getting around the city.
By delivering a comprehensive package of measures that encourage increased walking, cycling and Park and Ride travel, alongside an improved Army and Navy junction, we can provide a long-term and sustainable solution, improving journeys for everyone.
The proposed Army and Navy Sustainable Package includes:
- A new Hamburger Roundabout (a roundabout with a road through the centre of it) junction layout
- Walking and cycling improvements at the Army and Navy and on the approaches to and from the junction
- A 350-space expansion of Sandon Park and Ride
- A 500-space expansion of Chelmer Valley Park and Ride
- Extension of the Essex Yeomanry Way bus lane
- Improved bus priority on Parkway
In October 2022, Essex County Council submitted an Outline Business Case to the Department for Transport (DfT) for the proposed package – the next stage of the bidding process for Major Road Network (MRN) funding. The £81million project is also progressing with part funding by the county council and Chelmsford City Council.
Following our public consultation about the proposed Army and Navy Sustainable Transport Package, the Army and Navy Task Force recommended the Hamburger Roundabout as the preferred junction option in December 2021. In March 2022, Essex County Council’s Cabinet formally approved the Hamburger Roundabout as a preferred option. The decision came after consultation results showed the majority of respondents favoured the hamburger roundabout option. Latest analysis also showed it performed better from a business case and performance perspective, with good average journey time improvements for pedestrians, cyclists, buses and motorised vehicles.
Resembling the look of a hamburger, this type of roundabout has a main road running through it. Traffic would be able to travel straight through the centre of the junction between Essex Yeomanry Way and Parkway. Other movements would be made using the roundabout, with traffic signals used to manage flows and priority. The roundabout would predominantly have three lanes around the circulatory, while there would be two lanes in each direction on the road through the middle of central island between Parkway and Essex Yeomanry Way. A left-turn slip road would be created between Chelmer Road and Essex Yeomanry Way.
The proposed design includes significantly improved walking and cycling facilities at ground-level at the junction, replacing the current subway and creating attractive, safe and accessible routes. Fully segregated cycle lanes and direct crossings are proposed, in line with Department for Transport’s latest guidance. Optimised signal timings would help ensure pedestrians and cyclists can travel across the junction safely and quickly. New bus lanes and bus priority measures would be added on Parkway and the bus lane would be extended on Essex Yeomanry Way.
Following additional refinements to planned signal timings, alongside post-consultation design changes, we have been able to enhance estimated journey time improvements for the majority of modes of transport travelling through the junction.
The latest modelled journey time improvements for the Hamburger Roundabout are:
- Average journey times for cyclists will be 44% quicker
- Bus journey times will be about 40% faster on average
- Journeys will be 53% quicker on average for motorised vehicles
- Walking through the junction at ground level will be about 11% quicker
The series of visualisations below show you how the junction would look and work from the perspectives of different users. Using estimated future traffic levels at morning and evening peak times and our pre-consultation design, the videos allow you to experience realistic journeys through the junction as a pedestrian, cyclist and bus passenger.
The overview video also describes how it would work, highlighting key features and summarising the journey time improvements for different transport users*
*The visualisations were based on the latest designs prior to the public consultation in August 2021. The statistics were updated in March 2022 to reflect the revised predicted journey time improvements following post-consultation design changes and refinement to traffic signal timings, however, the design changes are not shown in the visualisations. There have been further slight changes to the journey times estimates following our latest traffic modelling.
(Hover over images to pause carousel)
Note: The Army and Navy junction (Hamburger Roundabout) and Sandon Park and Ride visualisations were based on our latest designs prior to the public consultation in August 2021. They do not, therefore, reflect any design changes made since that time. We are currently in the process of updating the visualisations ahead of submitting planning applications for the different elements of the package.
Revised layout proposed for Van Diemans Road
Following feedback during the public consultation in 2021, a revised layout is now proposed for Van Diemans Road.
Under the option included in the consultation, a two-way segregated cycleway was proposed on the eastern side of Van Diemans Road and the existing lanes for general traffic were to be maintained (notably, with two lanes northbound/on the approach to the Army and Navy junction). To provide space to accommodate this, it was proposed that existing permit parking bays in Van Diemans Road would be removed.
However, following concerns raised during the consultation and a site visit with residents and the local Essex County Council member in September 2021, a revised layout of Van Diemans Road is now proposed. Additionally, in response to the site visit with residents and the proposed revised layout of Van Diemans Road, we are proposing improvements to the Lady Lane junction as part of the scheme.
Under the latest proposals for Van Diemans Road, there would be one northbound lane for general traffic (flaring to two at the Army and Navy junction) and a two-way cycleway on the western side of Van Diemans Road, with the existing permit parking bays on Van Diemans re-aligned but retained.
The revised proposals would enable walking and cycling improvements to be made, while there would still be peak period journey time reductions on Van Diemans Road and an overall reduction in queuing, even with the removal of one of the northbound lanes, because of the significant capacity improvement at the junction with the hamburger roundabout. Traffic modelling has shown that in the opening year of the scheme traffic approaching the Army and Navy junction will experience journey time savings of 37% in the morning peak and 23% in the evening peak.
Although the revised Van Diemans Road layout and potential Lady Lane junction options are not part of any further formal consultation, the project team have continued to engage residents and partners as the options/proposals have been assessed and refined. Virtual meetings were held with residents in January and November 2022. The presentations and lists of the questions raised during the meetings can be found in the documents section of this page.
Having assessed four main options, an improved give way arrangement was agreed as the preferred option for the Lady Lane junction in September 2022. Final amendments to elements of the designs for Van Diemans Road and the Lady Lane junction are still being made, but we hope to finalise the designs in early 2023.
Sandon Park and Ride expansion
We are proposing an upgrade and approximate 350-space expansion of the existing Sandon Park and Ride site to meet increased future demand. Expansion would be made to the west of the existing site.
- Approximately 1,760 total parking spaces, including designated electric vehicle and parent and child spaces
- New main access road and clockwise one-way system in car park
- New large bus turning area to accommodate additional buses and future growth in demand
- Various pedestrian and cyclist improvements throughout the site, including crossings
- High quality and secure cycle lockers for overnight bike storage to enable Park and Choose (option to take the bus, walk or cycle to complete your journey)
- Bus lane extension on Essex Yeomanry Way, including the on-slip from Maldon Road, to give Park and Ride buses greater priority
Chelmer Valley Park and Ride expansion
We are proposing a 500-space expansion of the existing Chelmer Valley Park and Ride site to meet a forecast increase in future demand.
When we originally consulted on the Army and Navy Sustainable Transport Package, it included a proposed new Park and Ride to the west of Chelmsford in Widford. However, in March 2022, we announced we would not be taking those plans forward as part of the Army and Navy Sustainable Transport Package because of the significant construction costs and greater financial risks with operating a new Park and Ride site.
With significant growth planned to the north of Chelmsford and in the Braintree district, it was always anticipated that Chelmer Valley Park and Ride would require expansion in the future, so the removal of a new Widford Park and Ride from the package provided an opportunity to fund the Chelmer Valley expansion.
Expansion would be made to the east and slightly to the north of the existing site.
- Approximately 1,500 total parking spaces, including designated electric vehicle and parent and child spaces
- Clockwise one-way system in car park maintained and expanded
- Various pedestrian and cyclist improvements throughout the site, including crossings and direct cycleway/footway connections between the terminal building, expanded area of the site and proposed new Chelmsford Garden Community development
- Additional new cycle lockers to promote cycling between the Park and Ride, new housing areas in the vicinity of the site and the city centre
Wider walking and cycling improvements
Wider walking and cycling network connectivity improvements are also proposed on the approaches to the Army and Navy junction.
- New pedestrian and cycling facilities on Baddow Road, including new crossings on Baddow Road and Meadgate Avenue
- New cycle route through Meadgate linking to a new cycleway alongside Essex Yeomanry Way, providing an improved route from Great Baddow
- Fully segregated two-way cycle route on western side of Van Diemans Road
- New segregated cycleway into the city centre via the River Chelmer route, tying in with the proposed shared use cycleway/footway to the city centre to be created as part of Chelmer Waterside Access Road scheme
- Connection to existing Chelmer Road to Chelmer Village cycle route